Bio-based reusable packaging and return system for take-away food – step 1

There are several benefits of take-away food and beverages. Food waste is minimized because unsold food in stores and restaurants can be converted into ready-made food and beverages. Consumers can minimize stockpiling at home (and therefore disposal) when buying reasonable portions of ready-made food. With today’s well-developed technologies (good warehousing, fast transport and heating) ready-made food can retain its freshness and nutritious content longer. The take-away selection is large, growing and easily accessible which has contributed to the strong market growth.

The challenge lies in the growing mountain of disposable packaging that today is neither reused nor recycled and ends up being incinerated or as pure waste. Fossil-based plastic has long been a dominant material base for disposable packaging and has a negative impact on the environment.

The grocery chain Coop, together with other market actors, aims to define and operate an open bio-based return system for take-away food and beverages. Since the market opens to sustainable circular solutions, the Swedish packaging and biomaterials industry can drive the development forward. The assessment is that the material and packaging technologies that are developed for take-away food and beverages, could spread to other industries and applications.


Sustainable Innovation AB, Coop Sverige AB and Stora Enso Sverige AB.

Budget and time plan

The project’s total budget is 1 265 000 SEK and the projects runs during six months – between November 2021 to August 2022.